Thursday, March 29, 2018

Biotic pollination of flower

Flower pollination is typically associated with the transfer of pollen, and such transfer is often linked with pollinators such as insects, birds, bats, and other animals. Pollination is valuable to commercial agriculture and natural ecosystems.

Pollination provides numerous benefits to a wide range of commodities –the commodity may itself be the direct product of pollination (fruits), it may be indirectly propagated by pollination (seeds used to grow the next generation of crops), or it may have its quality affected by pollination (size and appeal is linked to pollination frequency).

Pollination can take two major forms: abiotic and biotic. About 9% of flowering plants belong to the biotic pollination group.

Pollen transfer is an essential process for seed and fruit production in sexually reproducing plants and around 90% of all angiosperm species are animal pollinated. Biotic pollination is therefore an important factor for wild plant reproduction. Not all flower visitors are pollinators, however, and pollinators differ in their pollination performances.

Biotic pollination is required for reproduction in roughly 70 percent of flowering plants, and bee pollination in particular is necessary for more than 30 percent of world crops.
Biotic pollination of flower
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